Le management amont et aval des droits de propriété intellectuelle au sein des écosystèmes-plateformes naissants

Amel Attour, Cécile Ayerbe

Abstract


This research underlines the role of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) to manage knowl- edge in the development of complex systems such as platform-ecosystems without an orches- trator actor. These ecosystems are straightaway registered in an inter-organizational inno- vation model around a ‘core’ platform which structures their existences. Thanks to Nice Futur Campus (NFCampus) case study, the paper shows how the upstream and down- stream management of IPR contributes to the emergence of Near Field Communication (NFC) platform-ecosystem. It also proposes several theoretical contributions both on the ris- ing ecosystems and on the open innovation literature. These contributions concern the structuring role of IPR in the birth of an ecosystem, the articulation between tacit and ex- plicit knowledge and the open degree of the technological platform. The paper highlights be- sides practitioners and local public actors on the way IPR may favour or slow down the in- dustrialization of numerous current experimentations in NFC domain, or more generally on how IPR management contributes to the success deployment of innovation emanating from a platform-ecosystem without an orchestrator actor. 


Keywords


Platform ecosystem, intellectual property rights, open innovation, knowledge creation, NFC platform.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.9876/sim.v20i3.596

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