Reviewing the literature in the IS field: Two bibliometric techniques to guide readings and help interpretation of the literature


  • Isabelle Walsh Skema Business School
  • Alexandre Renaud EM Normandie


Bibliometrics, Literature review, Co-citation analysis, Bibliographic coupling


In this article, we show how to apply profitably bibliometric analysis in IS research as a way to help review and highlight patterns in the literature, and complement traditional methods to do so. This approach can help guide researchers to interpret a more traditional literature review by highlighting important texts to investigate in priority and more particularly. We propose specifically to use two techniques in a complementary manner, co-citation analysis of references and bibliographic coupling analysis of documents, which are described while highlighting the main methodological steps and relevant issues. We illustrate and demonstrate the value of the complementary use of both techniques in a dense and well-established research domain within the IS field: Strategic alignment. 

Author Biography

Isabelle Walsh, Skema Business School

Pr. Isabelle WALSH, PhD, HDR
Full Professor. Head of PMISSC department (Project management, Information Systems and Supply Chains) / Directrice du département Management de Projets, Systèmes d’Information et Supply Chains SKEMA Business School.


Adriaanse, S.L., & Rensleigh, C. (2013). Web of Science, Scopus and Google Scholar: A content comprehensiveness comparison. The Electronic Library, 31(6), 727-744.

Ahlgren, P., Jarneving, B. and Rousseau, R. (2003). Requirement for a cocitation similarity measure, with special reference to Pearson’s correlation coefficient, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 54(6), pp. 550–560.

April, K., Shockley, M., & Peters, K. (2009). IT and social complexity–complementary resource combinations in the South African assurance industry. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 7, 86-98.

Armstrong, C. P., & Sambamurthy, V. (1999). Information technology assimilation in firms: The influence of senior leadership and IT infrastructures. Information systems research, 10(4), 304-327.

Arnott, D., & Pervan, G. (2012). Design science in decision support systems research: An assessment using the Hevner, March, Park, and Ram guidelines. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 13(11), 923.

Avison, D., Jones, J., Powell, P., & Wilson, D. (2004). Using, and validating the strategic alignment model. Journal of Strategic Information, 13, 223-246.

Baker, J., Jones, D. R., Cao, Q., & Song, J. (2011). Conceptualizing the dynamic strategic alignment competency. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 12(4), 299.

Barney, J. (1991). Firm resources and sustained competitive advantage. Journal of management, 17(1), 99-120.

Baskerville, R. L., & Myers, M. D. (2009). Fashion waves in information systems research and practice. MIS Quarterly, 647–662.

Bayer, A. E., Smart, J. C., & McLaughlin, G. W. (1990). Mapping intellectual structure of a scientific subfield through author cocitations. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 41(6), 444.

Benbya, H., & McKelvey, B. (2006). Using coevolutionary and complexity theories to improve IS alignment: a multi-level approach. Journal of Information technology, 21(4), 284-298.

Bergeron, F., Raymond, L., & Rivard, S. (2004). Ideal patterns of strategic alignment and business performance. Information & Management, 41, 1003-1020.

Bernroider, E. W., Pilkington, A., & Córdoba, J. R. (2013). Research in information systems: a study of diversity and inter-disciplinary discourse in the AIS basket journals between 1995 and 2011. Journal of Information Technology, 28(1), 74–89.

Besson, P., & Rowe, F. (2012). Strategizing information systems-enabled organizational transformation: A transdisciplinary review and new directions. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 21(2), 103-124.

Bharadwaj, A. S. (2000). A resource-based perspective on information technology capability and firm performance: an empirical investigation. MIS quarterly, 169-196.

Blondel, V. D., Guillaume, J. L., Lambiotte, R., & Lefebvre, E. (2008). Louvain method: finding communities in large networks.

Bradley, R. V., & Byrd, T. A. (2007). Information technology architecture as a competitive advantage-yielding resource: a theoretical perspective. International journal of networking and virtual organisations, 4(1), 1-19.

Bradley, R. V., Pratt, R. M., Byrd, T. A., Outlay, C. N., & Wynn Jr, D. E. (2012). Enterprise architecture, IT effectiveness and the mediating role of IT alignment in US hospitals. Information Systems Journal, 22(2), 97-127.

Bragge, J., Korhonen, P., Wallenius, H., & Wallenius, J. (2012). Scholarly communities of research in multiple criteria decision making: a bibliometric research profiling study. International Journal of Information Technology &

Decision Making, 11(02), 401–426.

Brynjolfsson, E. (1993). The productivity paradox of information technology. Communications of the ACM, 36(12), 66-77.

Callon, M., Courtial, J. P., & Laville, F. (1991). Co-word analysis as a tool for describing the network of interactions between basic and technological research: The case of polymer chemistry. Scientometrics, 22(1), 155–205.

Callon, M., Courtial, J. P., and Penan, H. (1993). La scientométrie. Presses universitaires de France.

Callon, M., Law, J., and Rip, A. (Eds.). (1986). Mapping the dynamics of science and technology. London: Macmillan.

Cao, G., Wiengarten, F., & Humphreys, P. (2011). Towards a contingency resource-based view of IT business value. Systemic Practice and Action Research, 24(1), 85-106.

Chadegani, A., Salehi, H., Yunus, M. M., Farhadi, H., Fooladi, M., Farhadi, M., and Ale Ebrahim, N. (2013). A comparison between two main academic literature collections: Web of Science and Scopus databases. Asian Social Science, 9(5), 18-26.

Chan, Y. E., Huff, S. L., Barclay, D. W., & Copeland, D. G. (1997). Business strategic orientation, information systems strategic orientation, and strategic alignment. Information Systems Research, 8(2), 125-150.

Chan, Y. E., & Reich, B. H. (2007). IT alignment: what have we learned?. Journal of Information technology, 22(4), 297-315.Chan, Y. E., Sabherwal, R., & Thatcher, J. B. (2006). Antecedents and outcomes of strategic IS alignment: an empirical investigation. IEEE Transactions on engineering management, 53(1), 27-47.

Chin, W. W. (1998). The partial least squares approach to structural equation modeling. Modern methods for business research, 295(2), 295-336.

Ciborra, C. U. (1997). De profundis? Deconstructing the concept of strategic alignment. Scandinavian Journal of Information Systems, 9(1), 67-82.

Commeiras, N., & Fournier, C. (2008). Comment générer des pistes de recherche à partir des variables modératrices mises en évidence lors d ‘une méta-analyse? Une illustration. Congrès du réseau des IAE, 10–12.

Córdoba, J. R., Pilkington, A., & Bernroider, E. W. (2012). Information systems as a discipline in the making: comparing EJIS and MISQ between 1995 and 2008. European Journal of Information Systems, 21(5), 479-495.

Cragg, P., King, M., & Hussin, H. (2002). IT alignment and firm performance in small manufacturing firms. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 11(2), 109-132.

Crane, D. (1972). Invisible colleges; diffusion of knowledge in scientific communities.

Cuenca, L., Boza, A., & Ortiz, A. (2011). An enterprise engineering approach for the alignment of business and information technology strategy. International Journal of Computer Integrated Manufacturing, 24(11), 974-992.

Culnan, M. J. (1986). The intellectual development of management information systems, 1972–1982: A co-citation analysis. Management Science, 32(2), 156–172.

Culnan, M. J. (1987). Mapping the intellectual structure of MIS, 1980–1985: a co-citation analysis. MIS Quarterly, 341–353.

Delone, W. H., & McLean, E. R. (2003). The DeLone and McLean model of information systems success: a ten-year update. Journal of management information systems, 19(4), 9-30.

Dhaliwal, J., Onita, C. G., Poston, R., & Zhang, X. P. (2011). Alignment within the software development unit: assessing structural and relational dimensions between developers and testers. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 20(4), 323-342.

Di Stefano, G., Peteraf, M., & Verona, G. (2010). Dynamic capabilities deconstructed: a bibliographic investigation into the origins, development, and future directions of the research domain. Industrial and Corporate Change, dtq027.

Drnevich, P. L., & Croson, D. C. (2013). Information Technology and Business-Level Strategy: Toward an Integrated Theoretical Perspective. Mis Quarterly, 37(2), 483-509.

Earl, M. J. (1993). Experiences in strategic information systems planning. MIS quarterly, 1-24.

Fagerberg, J., Fosaas, M., & Sapprasert, K. (2012). Innovation: Exploring the knowledge base. Research policy, 41(7), 1132–1153.

Fernandez‐Alles, M., & Ramos‐Rodríguez, A. (2009). Intellectual structure of human resources management research: A bibliometric analysis of the journal Human Resource Management, 1985–2005. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 60(1), 161–175.

Fink, L. (2011). How do IT capabilities create strategic value? Toward greater integration of insights from reductionistic and holistic approaches. European Journal of Information Systems, 20(1), 16-33.

Fink, L., & Neumann, S. (2007). Gaining agility through IT personnel capabilities: The mediating role of IT infrastructure capabilities. Journal of the Association for Information Systems, 8(8), 440.

Fornell, C., & Larcker, D. F. (1981). Evaluating structural equation models with unobservable variables and measurement error. Journal of marketing research, 39-50.

Garfield, E. (1963). Citation indexes in sociological and historical research. American documentation, 14(4), 289–291.

Garfield, E. (1979). Is citation analysis a legitimate evaluation tool?. Scientometrics, 1(4), 359–375.

Gerow, J. E., Thatcher, J. B., & Grover, V. (2015). Six types of IT-business strategic alignment: an investigation of the constructs and their measurement. European Journal of Information Systems, 24(5), 465-491.

Glaser B. G. 1978. Theoretical sensitivity. Mill Valley. CA: Sociology Press.

Glaser, B., Strauss A. 1967. The Discovery of grounded theory, Strategies for Qualitative Research. Aldine Publishing Company. Chicago.

Glass, G. V. (1976). Primary, secondary, and meta-analysis of research. Educational researcher, 5(10), 3–8.

Hair Jr, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Anderson, R. E., & Tatham, R. L. (2008). Multivariate Data Analysis, Dorling Kindersley (India) Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi.

Harzing, A. W., & Alakangas, S. (2016). Google Scholar, Scopus and the Web of Science: a longitudinal and cross-disciplinary comparison. Scientometrics, 106(2), 787-804.

Henderson, J. C. and Venkatraman, N. (1993) Strategic Alignment: Leveraging information technology for transforming organizations, IBM Systems Journal, 32(1), pp. 4–16.

Hirschheim, R. & Sabherwal, R. (2001). Detours in the path to strategic information systems alignment. California Management Review, 58(4), 86-108.

Hsiao, C. H., & Yang, C. (2011). The intellectual development of the technology acceptance model: A co-citation analysis. International Journal of Information Management, 31(2), 128-136.

Huang, L. K. (2010). A resource-based analysis of IT personnel capabilities and strategic alignment. Journal of Research and Practice in Information Technology, 42(4), 263.

Huang, H. L. (2014). Performance effects of aligning service innovation and the strategic use of information technology. Service Business, 8(2), 171-195.

Jaccard, P. (1901), Bulletin de la Société Vaudoise des Sciences Naturelles, 37 : 241–272.

Jarneving, B. (2005). A comparison of two bibliometric methods for mapping of the research front. Scientometrics, 65(2), 245–263.

Karpovsky, A., & Galliers, R. D. (2015). Aligning in practice: from current cases to a new agenda. Journal of Information Technology, 30(2), 136-160.

Karahanna, E., & Preston, D. S. (2013). The effect of social capital of the relationship between the CIO and top management team on firm performance. Journal of Management Information Systems, 30(1), 15-56.

Kearns, G. S., & Sabherwal, R. (2007). Antecedents and consequences of information systems planning integration. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 54(4), 628-643.

Kessler, R. A. (1960). The Statutory Requirement of a Board of Directors: A Corporate Anachronism. The University of Chicago Law Review, 27(4), 696–736.

Kishore, R., & McLean, E. R. (2007). Reconceptualizing innovation compatibility as organizational alignment in secondary IT adoption contexts: an investigation of software reuse infusion. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 54(4), 756-775.

Kovács, A., Van Looy, B., & Cassiman, B. (2015). Exploring the scope of open innovation: a bibliometric review of a decade of research. Scientometrics, 104(3), 951-983.

Landström, H., Harirchi, G., & Åström, F. (2012). Entrepreneurship: Exploring the knowledge base. Research Policy, 41(7), 1154–1181.

Latour, B., & Woolgar, S. (1979). Laboratory life: The social construction of scientific facts. Beverly Hills: Sage.

Lederer, A. L., & Salmela, H. (1996). Toward a theory of strategic information systems planning. Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 3(5), 237-253.

Lederer, A. L., & Sethi, V. (1988). The implementation of strategic information systems planning methodologies. MIS quarterly, 445-461.

Leonard, J., & Seddon, P. (2012). A Meta-model of Alignment. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 31(11), 230-259.

Lesca, H., & Rouibah, K. (1997). Des outils au service de la veille stratégique. Systèmes d’Information et Management. 2(2), 101-131.

Leydesdorff, L., & Vaughan, L. (2006). Co‐occurrence matrices and their applications in information science: Extending ACA to the Web environment. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and technology, 57(12), 1616–1628.

Lin, J. (1991). Divergence measures based on the Shannon entropy. Information Theory, IEEE Transactions on, 37(1), 145–151.

Liu, S. H., Liao, H. L., Pi, S. M., & Hu, J. W. (2011). Development of a Patent Retrieval and Analysis Platform–A hybrid approach. Expert Systems with Applications, 38(6), 7864-7868.

Luftman, J. (1996). Competing in the Information Age: Practical applications of the strategic alignment model. New York: Oxford University Press.

Luftman, J., & Brier, T. (1999). Achieving and sustaining business-IT alignment. California management review, 42(1), 109-122.

Luftman, J. N., Lewis, P. R., & Oldach, S. H. (1993). Transforming the enterprise: The alignment of business and information technology strategies. IBM systems journal, 32(1), 198-221.

Luftman, J., Papp, R., & Brier, T. (1999). Enablers and inhibitors of business-IT alignment. Communications of the AIS, 1(3es), 1.

Luftman, J., Kempaiah, R., & Nash, E. (2005). Key issues for executives. MIS Quarterly Executive, 5(2), 81-99.

Mao, Y., & Quan, J. (2015). IT Enabled Organisational Agility: Evidence from Chinese Firms. Journal of Organizational and End User Computing (JOEUC), 27(4), 1-24.

Marion, L. S. (2002). A tri-citation analysis exploring the citation image of Kurt Lewin. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 39(1), pp. 3–13.

Mata, F. J., Fuerst, W. L., & Barney, J. B. (1995). Information technology and sustained competitive advantage: A resource-based analysis. MIS quarterly, 487-505.

McCain, C. M. (2009). Global analysis of bird elevational diversity. Global Ecology and Biogeography, 18(3), 346–360.

McCain, K. W. (1986). Cocited author mapping as a valid representation of intellectual structure. Journal of the American society for information science, 37(3), 111.

McCain, K. W. (1990). Mapping authors in intellectual space: A technical overview. Journal of the American society for information science, 41(6), 433.

McCain, K. W. (1991). Mapping economics through the journal literature: An experiment in journal cocitation analysis. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 42(4), 290.

McCain, K. W. and McCain, R. A. (2002) Mapping “a beautiful mind”: A comparison of the author cocitation PFNets for John Nash, John Harsanyi, and Reinhard Selten – the three winners of the 1994 Nobel Prize for Economics. Proceedings of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 39(1), pp. 552–553.

McFadzean, E., Ezingeard, J. N., & Birchall, D. (2011). Information assurance and corporate strategy: a Delphi study of choices, challenges, and developments for the future. Information Systems Management, 28(2), 102-129.

Melville, N., Kraemer, K., & Gurbaxani, V. (2004). Review: Information technology and organizational performance: An integrative model of IT business value. MIS quarterly, 28(2), 283-322.

Miller, S., Dwivedi, Y. K., & Williams, M. D. (2014). Business/information technology alignment for financial services: a review and synthesis of existing literature. International Journal of Business Information Systems, 17(2), 221-247.

Mirchandani, D. A., & Lederer, A. L. (2008). The impact of autonomy on information systems planning effectiveness. Omega, 36(5), 789-807.

Mirchandani, D. A., & Lederer, A. L. (2010). The Impact of National Culture on Information Systems Planning Autonomy. Journal of Global Information Management, 18(3), 1-34.

Mohdzain, M. B., & Ward, J. M. (2007). A study of subsidiaries’ views of information systems strategic planning in multinational organisations. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems, 16(4), 324-352.

Nerur, S., & Balijepally, V. (2007). Theoretical reflections on agile development methodologies. Communications of the ACM, 50(3), 79–83.

Nerur, S. P., Rasheed, A. A., & Natarajan, V. (2008). The intellectual structure of the strategic management field: An author co‐citation analysis. Strategic Management Journal, 29(3), 319–336.

Newkirk, H. E., & Lederer, A. L. (2006a). Incremental and comprehensive strategic information systems planning in an uncertain environment. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 53(3), 380-394.

Newkirk, H. E., & Lederer, A. L. (2006b). The effectiveness of strategic information systems planning under environmental uncertainty. Information & Management, 43(4), 481-501.

Newkirk, H. E., & Lederer, A. L. (2007). The effectiveness of strategic information systems planning for technical resources, personnel resources, and data security in environments of heterogeneity and hostility. Journal of Computer Information Systems, 47(3), 34-44.

Newkirk, H. E., Lederer, A. L., & Johnson, A. M. (2008). Rapid business and IT change: drivers for strategic information systems planning?. European Journal of Information Systems, 17(3), 198-218.

Noma, E. (1984). Co-citation analysis and the invisible college. Journal of the American Society for Information Science, 35(1), pp. 29–33.

Nunnally, J. (1978). Psychometric methods. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Oh, W., & Pinsonnault, A. (2007). On the assessment of the strategic value of information technologies. MIS Quarterly, 31(2), 239-265.

Peppard, J., Galliers, R. D., & Thorogood, A. (2014). Information systems strategy as practice: Micro strategy and strategizing for IS. J. Strategic Inf. Sys., 23(1), 1-10.

Perianes-Rodriguez, A., Waltman, L., & van Eck, N. J. (2016). Constructing bibliometric networks: A comparison between full and fractional counting. arXiv preprint arXiv:1607.02452.

Pigneur, Y. (2009). Vers un accès plus ouvert. Systèmes d'Information et Management (French Journal of Management Information Systems), 14(3), 3-8.

Porter, M. E., & Millar, V. E. (1985). How information gives you competitive advantage. Harvard Business Review, July-August, 149-152.

Powell, T. C., & Dent-Micallef, A. (1997). Information technology as competitive advantage: The role of human, business, and technology resources. Strategic management journal, 18(5), 375-405.

Prasad, A., Heales, J., & Green, P. (2010). A capabilities-based approach to obtaining a deeper understanding of information technology governance effectiveness: Evidence from IT steering committees. International Journal of Accounting Information Systems, 11(3), 214-232.

Price, D. J. (1963) Big Science, Little Science, Columbia University Press, New York, New York.

Pritchard, R. D. (1969). Equity theory: A review and critique. Organizational behavior and human performance, 4(2), 176–211.

Raghuram, S., Tuertscher, P., & Garud, R. (2010). Research note-mapping the field of virtual work: A cocitation analysis. Information Systems Research, 21(4), 983–999.

Ramos‐Rodríguez, A. R., & Ruíz‐Navarro, J. (2004). Changes in the intellectual structure of strategic management research: A bibliometric study of the Strategic Management Journal, 1980–2000. Strategic Management Journal, 25(10), 981–1004.

Reich, B. H., & Benbasat, I. (1996). Measuring the linkage between business and information technology objectives. MIS quarterly, 55-81.

Reich, B. H., & Benbasat, I. (2000). Factors that influence the social dimension of alignment between business and information technology objectives. MIS quarterly, 81-113.

Reix, R., Desq, S., Fallery, B., & Rhodain, F. (2002). Vingt-cinq ans de recherche en Systèmes d ‘Information. Systèmes d’information et Management, 7(3), 10-17.

Renaud, A., Walsh, I., & Kalika, M. (2016). Is SAM still alive? A bibliometric and interpretive mapping of the strategic alignment research field. The Journal of Strategic Information Systems.

Reynolds, P., & Yetton, P. (2015). Aligning business and IT strategies in multi-business organizations. Journal of Information Technology, 30(2), 101-118.

Richter, F. M. (1979). Focal mechanisms and seismic energy release of deep and intermediate earthquakes in the Tonga‐Kermadec Region and their bearing on the depth extent of mantle flow. Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth, 84(B12), 6783–6795.

Ross, J. W., Beath, C. M., & Goodhue, D. L. (1996). Develop long-term competitiveness through IT assets. MIT Sloan Management Review, 38(1), 31.

Ross, J. W., Weill, P., & Robertson, D. (2006). Enterprise architecture as strategy: Creating a foundation for business execution. Harvard Business Press.Rowe, F. (2014). What literature review is not: diversity, boundaries and recommendations. European Journal of Information Systems, 23(3), 241–255.

Sabherwal, R., & Chan, Y. E. (2001). Alignment between business and IS strategies: A configurational approach. Information Systems of Research, 12(1), 11-33.

Sabherwal, R., Hirschheim, R., & Goles, T. (2001). The dynamics of alignment: Insights from a punctuated equilibrium model.Salton, G., & McGill, M. (1983). Introduction to Modern Information Retrieval. New York: McGraw-Hill.

Sambamurthy, V., Bharadwaj, A., & Grover, V. (2003). Shaping agility through digital options: Reconceptualizing the role of information technology in contemporary firms. MIS quarterly, 237-263.

Sambamurthy, V., & Zmud, R. W. (1999). Arrangements for information technology governance: A theory of multiple contingencies. MIS quarterly, 261-290.

Schmidt, F. (2008). Meta-analysis: A constantly evolving research integration tool. Organizational Research Methods, 11(1), 96–113

Schmidt, F. L., & Hunter, J. E. (1977). Development of a general solution to the problem of validity generalization. Journal of Applied Psychology, 62(5), 529.

Schwarz, A., Kalika, M., Kefi, H., & Schwarz, C. (2010). A dynamic capabilities approach to understanding the impact of IT-enabled businesses processes and IT-business alignment on the strategic and operational performance of the firm. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 26(1), 4.

Segars, A. H., & Grover, V. (1998). Strategic information systems planning success: an investigation of the construct and its measurement. MIS quarterly, 139-163.

Sircar, S., Nerur, S. P., & Mahapatra, R. (2001). Revolution or evolution? A comparison of object-oriented and structured systems development methods. MIS Quarterly, 457–471.

Siurdyban, A. (2014). Understanding the IT/business partnership: A business process perspective. Information Systems Frontiers, 16(5), 909-922.

Small, H. (1973). Co‐citation in the scientific literature: A new measure of the relationship between two documents. Journal of the American Society for information Science, 24(4), 265–269.

Sun, S. Y., & Chen, Y. Y. (2008). Consolidating the strategic alignment model in knowledge management. International Journal of Innovation and Learning, 5(1), 51-65.

Tallon, P. P. (2007). A process-oriented perspective on the alignment of information technology and business strategy. Journal of Management Information Systems, 24(3), 227-268.

Tallon, P. P. (2011). Value chain linkages and the spillover effects of strategic information technology alignment: A process-level view. Journal of Management Information Systems, 28(3), 9-44.

Tamm, T., Seddon, P. B., Shanks, G., & Reynolds, P. (2011). How does enterprise architecture add value to organisations? Communications of the Association for Information Systems. 2011, Vol. 28, p141-168.

Tarrow, S. (1995). Cycles of collective action: between moments of madness and the repertoire of contention. Repertoires and cycles of collective action, 89–115.

Taylor, H., Dillon, S., & Van Wingen, M. (2010). Focus and diversity in information systems research: Meeting the dual demands of a healthy applied discipline. MIS Quarterly, 647–667.Teece, D. J., Pisano, G., & Shuen, A. (1997). Dynamic capabilities and strategic management. Strategic management journal, 509-533.

Teubner, R. A. (2013). Information systems strategy. Business & Information Systems Engineering, 5(4), 243-257.

Tranfield, D., Denyer, D., & Smart, P. (2003). Towards a methodology for developing evidence‐informed management knowledge by means of systematic review. British journal of management, 14(3), 207–222.

Ullah, A., & Lai, R. (2013). A systematic review of business and information technology alignment. ACM Transactions on Management Information Systems (TMIS), 4(1), 4.

Valorinta, M. (2011). IT alignment and the boundaries of the IT function. Journal of Information Technology, 26(1), 46-59.

Van Eck, N., & Waltman, L. (2010). Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84(2), 523–538.

Van Eck, N., Waltman, L., Dekker, R., & van den Berg, J. (2010). A comparison of two techniques for bibliometric mapping: Multidimensional scaling and VOS. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 61(12), 2405-2416.

Van Eck, N. , & Waltman, L. (2009). How to normalize cooccurrence data? An analysis of some well‐known similarity measures. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 60(8), 1635-1651.

Van Oorschot, J., Hofman, E., & Halman, J. (2015). A Bibliometric Review of the Innovation Adoption Literature. In Academy of Management Proceedings, Vol. 1, 16847.

Vogel, R., & Güttel, W. H. (2013). The dynamic capability view in strategic management: a bibliometric review. International Journal of Management Reviews, 15(4), 426–446.

Wade, M., & Hulland, J. (2004). Review: The resource-based view and information systems research: Review, extension, and suggestions for future research. MIS quarterly, 28(1), 107-142.

Walter, C., & Ribière, V. (2013). A citation and co-citation analysis of 10 years of KM theory and practices. Knowledge Management Research & Practice, 11(3), 221-229.

Waltman, L., & Eck, N. J. (2012). A new methodology for constructing a publication‐level classification system of science. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 63(12), 2378-2392.

Wang, N., Liang, H., Zhong, W., Xue, Y., & Xiao, J. (2012). Resource structuring or capability building? An empirical study of the business value of information technology. Journal of Management Information Systems, 29(2), 325-367.

Wang, N., Liang, H., Jia, Y., Ge, S., Xue, Y., & Wang, Z. (2016). Cloud computing research in the IS discipline: A citation/co-citation analysis. Decision Support Systems, 86, 35-47.

Webster, J., & Watson, R. T. (2002). Analyzing the past to prepare for the future: Writing a. MIS quarterly, 26(2), 13–23.

Weill, P., & Ross, J. W. (2004). IT governance: How top performers manage IT decision rights for superior results. Harvard Business Press.

Wernerfelt, B. (1984). A resource‐based view of the firm. Strategic management journal, 5(2), 171-180.

White, H. D., & Griffith, B. C. (1981). Author cocitation: A literature measure of intellectual structure. Journal of the American Society for information Science, 32(3), 163–171.

White, H. D., & McCain, K. W. (1998). Visualizing a discipline: An author co-citation analysis of information science, 1972–1995. Journal of the American society for information science, 49(4), 327–355.

Wilkin, C. L., & Chenhall, R. H. (2010). A review of IT governance: A taxonomy to inform accounting information systems. Journal of Information Systems, 24(2), 107-146.

Winter, S., Berente, N., Howison, J., & Butler, B. (2014). Beyond the organizational ‘container’: Conceptualizing 21st century sociotechnical work. Information and Organization, 24(4), 250-269.

Wu, S. P. J., Straub, D. W., & Liang, T. P. (2015). How information technology governance mechanisms and strategic alignment influence organizational performance: Insights from a matched survey of business and IT managers. Mis Quarterly, 39(2), 497-518.

Yin, R. (1984). Case study research. Beverly Hills.

Yin, R. K. (2003). Case study research design and methods third edition. Applied social research methods series, 5.

Zupic, I., & Cater, T. (2013). Bibliometric methods in management and organization: A review. In Academy of Management Proceedings (Vol. No. 1, p. 13426). Academy of Management. Chicago.

Zupic, I., and Cater, T. (2015) "Bibliometric methods in management and organization." Organizational Research Methods 18.3 (2015): 429–472.



How to Cite

Walsh, I., & Renaud, A. (2017). Reviewing the literature in the IS field: Two bibliometric techniques to guide readings and help interpretation of the literature. Systèmes d’Information Et Management (French Journal of Management Information Systems), 22(3). Retrieved from



Empirical research